The Assassination of
Excerpts from newspapers and other
From the files of the
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection
~> l ■>/■,.<? _Oz- ... .ir
DkhONSTBAtiOH at Gkoton Jvnctio*. We
l.avo ti lU'tailcd u^coont of ft public meeting ;h< Id
at Grotou Junction on Saturday afternoon to no-
tice in uu appropriate manner tuc President 's
death, but luive uot room to publish it.'TJusinrs.s
» aa suspended aud the whole people united in the
-ud *crviees. lienj. F. Feleb presided and made a |
brief address. Rev.Mr. Skinner, Mr. Gerrishol \
Shirley and sensral others spoke, and un appropii- j
ate series of resolutions were adopted. j
i One ot two men who had rejoiced at the Presi-
dent's death vrere made to rccaut and to asU the
forgiveness ot the public.
Deathbed of Lincoln
Sec ue at Lincoln 'a Deathbed.
Tbe Urst Hoor of the house where Mr.
Lincoln had just been carried was com*
poeed of three lutui, opening on tbe aame
corridor. It wtus in tbe third, a email
room, that the dying man lay.
His face, lighted by a gas jet, under
which the b( (1 bad been moved, was pale
and livid. His body had already the
rigidity of death. At intervals ouly the
still audible s mni of bis breatbiag ooald
be faintly heaid. and at intervals again it
would be lost entirely. The surgeons did
nut cnici c ;iu hope that he mi^ht reoover
a niomrut's couselansuess. Judge Will-
iam T. Oito, a thirty years' friend of Mr.
Lincoln's, was standing at the bedside,
holding bis band; around the bed stood,
also, the Attorney General, Mr. Speed,
and tbe ltev. Mr. Gumey, past >r of the
cburoh Mr. Linoolu usually attended,
Leaning against the wall stood Mr.
Stanton, who gazed now and then at tbe
dying man's face, ac* who seemed over-
whelmed with emotion. From time to
time be wrote telegrams, or cave the or-
ders which, in the midst of the crisis, as-
sured tbe preservation of p-sace. The re-
maiuing members of tbe Cabinet, and
suvcral senators aud generals, were pacing
up aud dorn tbe corridor. Thus the
Light passed on. At last, toward seven
o'clock in tbe mcruiug, tbe surgeon an-
nounced that death was at hand, and at
twenty minutes aflur sevea the pulse
Etery one present seemed theu tt>
oojergo from a stupor iu which the hours
of m^IiL bad been spent. Mr. Btanton
app.oaehed the bed, closed Mr. Llnooln's
ejes, and, drawing the sheet ever the
dead mau'a head, utteied thc^.e words, iu
a vtiy low voioe : "Lie is a maa fur the
sg-s." — Ser ibncr't Magazine.
Scene at tlio UeuiliBed of Mr. Lincoln
At Carlisle, Pa., recently, the Presbyteri
an Synods of the old and new schools being
in session ai the same- place, the two bod
les met in communion with «ieai harmony;
Rev. Dr. Gurley, pastor of the church in
Washington which President Lincoln usu-
ally attended, in a speech at the table
gave the following narrative, which has
uevrr before been made public:
AVhen summoned on that sad night to
the death-bed of President Lincoln, I en-
tered the room fifteen or twenty minutes
before his departure. All present was
gathered anxiously around him, waiting to
catch his last breath. The physician, with
one hand upon the pulse of the dying man
and the other hand laid upon his°heart'
was inteutly watching forth* moment when
life should cease.
He lingered longer than we had expect
ed. At last the physician said :— "He
gone ; he is dead."
Theu I solemnly believe that for four >
five minutes there was not the slightest
noise or movement in that awful presence '
We all stood transfixed in our positions,
speechless, breathless, around the dead
body ot that great and good man.
At length the Secretary of war, who was
standing at my left, broke the silence and ■
said, "Doctor, will you say anything?" 1
replied, "I will speak to God." Said he,
"Do it just now-"
And there, by the side of our fallen chief
God put it into my heart to utter this peti-
tion, that from I hat hour we and the whole
Nation might become more than ever unit-
ed in our devotion to the cause of oar be-
loved, imperilled country.
When I ceased, there arose from the lips
8i the entire company a fervid and spen
tuneous "Amen !"
And has not the whole heart of the loyal
Nation responded "Amen!"
Was not that prayer, there offered, re-
sponded to in a most remarkable manner ?
When in our history have the people of
this land been found more closely bound to
gether in purpose and heart than when the
telegraphic wires bore all over the country
the sad tidings that President Lincoln was
before him he declared that there was no other trans-
lator in England of one tenth her ability.
Her best life was so ungrudgingly given to others,
and her modesty was so refreshingly feminine, that
Mrs. Austin, either as authoress or as woman, is almost
unknown to the new generations. And yet, aside from
her peerless juridical labors, she deserves to be well
known by her latter-day sisters, if for no other reason
than as a possible ideal for the newer womanhood.
Sylvia R. Hemliey.
At the Death-bed of Lincoln.
In The CENTURY for June, 1800, and February, 1893,
were published letters bearing upon the question of who
were present at the bedside of President Lincoln when
Surgeon-General Barnes, who held the pulse of the dying
chief, announced his death at 7:22 a.m. Partly in the
interest of the truth and partly as a matter of family
pride, I wish to add two names hitherto omitted by The
CENTURY. The names are Richard J. Oglesby, then gov-
ernor of Illinois, and General Isham N. Haynie, both of
Springfield, Illinois, and both warm personal friends of
Mr. Lincoln. In a letter written to me by Governor
Oglesby he describes the events of that terrible night,
and the scene at the bedside as Secretary Stanton broke
the silence by saying, « Now he belongs to the ages."
General Haynie's diary also lies before me, and per-
haps I may be justified in quoting a passage which pic-
tures Mr. Lincoln only four hours before his assassina-
tion. Under April 14, 18G5, General Haynie wrote:
At five o'clock ibis afternoon Governor Oglesby and
I called ar the White House. .Mr. Lincoln was not in,
hut just as we were going away his carriage, with lii iii-
selt', wife, and Tail, drove up. Tlie President called us
back. We went up into bis reception-room and had a
pleasant, humorous hour with him. He read four chap-
ters of Petroleum V. Nasby's book (recently published)
to us. and continued reading until lie was called to din-
ner at about six o'clock, when we left him.
The above was written sometime between six and ten
o'clock, before General Haynie had heard of the fatal
shooting. During that little call Mr. Lincoln was in a
specially merry mood. He laughed heartily over Nasby's
hook, and told his friends of his intention of going to
see Laura Keene at the theater that evening. He, in
fact, urged Governor Oglesby and General Haynie to
accompany him, but a business engagement prevented.
The diary continues:
At 11 p. m. Governor Oglesby and myself were ad-
mitted to the room where the President lay dying. Re-
mained until alter the President bail passed away. He
died at 7. 'J'-' A. M. to-day. Tlie excitement baffles des-
cription. The horrors of last night have no parallel in
memory or history. The cabinet all surrounded the
dying chief; General Meigs, General Halleck, General
Hardie. Colonel Vincent, Rev. Dr. Qurley — all present.
The Secretary of War was busy all night preparing and
sending despatches; Surgeon-General Harms holding
the President's arm, feeling his pulse: tlie Cabinet
seated around, ami some standing ; ( ioveinor Oglesby
at tlie head of the bed, and myself near the door. The
President lay with his feet to the west, his head to the
east; insensible; in comatose state ; never I spoke.
The two friends accompanied the body of the beloved
President on its last journey to Illinois. They were a
part of the delegation appointed by his native State.
General Haynie drafted the resolutions of the citizens
of Illinois who met at the National Hotel in Washing-
THE CENTURY MAGAZINE.
ton to take steps relative to the death of Mr. Lincoln.
To Governor Oglesby more than to any other one man
is due the fact that the martyred Lincoln sleeps to-
day on the green slopes of Oak Ridge in the beautiful
city he loved so well. The nation and the national
capital claimed his remains, but Governor Oglesby in-
sisted that they belonged by right to Illinois.
Edwin C. Haynie.
£ FOUR PERSONS LIVINl
WHO SA W LINCOLN DIE
»-i:«s HERE arc but four persons living
who were at the bedside of Presi-
dent Lincoln when he died, a few
minutes after 7 o'clock on the
morning of April 15, I860, says the
Washington Star. These are Secretary
John Hay, who was one of the President's
private secretaries; Col. Hubert T. Lin-
coln, the President's oldest son; Dr. Leal
of New York, who was a surgeon in the
acm> at the time, and Mr. H. S. Safford
of Springfield, Mass. All of the distin-
guished group about the bedside, includ-
ing Secretary Stanton, Senator Sumner
and many others, have passed away. Mr.
Safford was an employe of the ordnance
department of the army and lived at the
house, lie is at present living in Spring-
field, Mass., and in describing the scenes
at the time of the President's assassina-
tion and death said:
"About 10 o'clock, hearing an unusual
commotion in front of the house where 1
was, I went to the window and saw the
audience pouring out or tne theater, panic
stricken. When the bearers of the Presi-
dent had brought him nearly across the
street some one said 'Where can we take
him?' There was no response, and I
shouted 'Bring him in here.' The Presi-
de ut was carried into the house, where
"Whoever said anything. reflecting up-
on Mrs. Lincoln's love for her husband
would not have done so had he witnessed
the scenes of that night. She was de-
tained at the theater after the President
was taken out. on account of her ner-
vous condition, and when she reached
the house she cried frantically: 'Waoro
is my dear husband? Where is he; where I
is he?' Though Mrs. Lincoln had prom-j
ised to be calm while in the room, she,
gave way to her anguish and was drag-;
Ked from the bedside of the sinking (
President by main force. I
"That night many of the most famous
men in the country passed in and out of
the small chamber in which Lincoln lay,
dying. Graphic pictures havo been drawn
of the deathbed seen.- surrounded by a
group of notables. There were, however,
only a few present, 'those of greatest
prominence being Charles Sumner,
Schuyler Colfax, Attorr.oy-General lineed,
Hugh McCollough, Secretary Stanton
Postmaster-General Der.mson, Gideon
Welles, Secretary of the Navy, ard Lin-
coln's son Robert, then a beardless
Mr. Safford has several interesting
souvenirs. One is a piece of white lace
torn from Mrs. Lincoln's scarf. Another
is a lock of the President's hair, cut
from about the wound. The mo.;t treas-
ured relic is one of the two-cent pieces
.-placed upon the President's eyes to
close them. Mr. Safford said that the
owner of the house in which President
Lincoln died was obliged to charge a
small admission fee to protect himself,
and that in spite of the utmost care the
carpet and furniture of the room was lit-
erally hacked to pieces by patriotic van-
Hemphill. J. C.
By J. C. Hemphill.
IT in for us, the living, to highly re-
solve that Government of the people,
by the people, for tho people shall
not perish from the. earth.
This Is the message that comes down to
this generation from the blood-stained
heights of Gettysburg since they were
BpoUcii from that mountain, top nearly
fifty years ago. The voice by which they
Were spoken has been still this many a
Weary year; but the message stands. Of
hltn muy bo said what he himself Baid
of Washington In a birthday address to
the Springfield Washlngtbnlan Temper-
ance Society in 1S1J:
On that name a eulogy Is expected,. It
cannot be To add brightness to the
tun, or glory to '.he name of Washing*
toil Is alike impossible. Let n me attempt
it. in solemn awe pronounce the name,
and in Its n-.Ued, deathless splendor
' leave it shining on.
AT 20 minutes past 10 o'clock Fri-
day evening, April 14, 1805,
Abraham Lincoln was shot by
.John Wilkes b'ooth in the back
of the head behind the left ear and
mortally Injured. At 22 minutes
pa; 7 o'clock the next morning, Sat-
xmiay. April 15, 1805, he died. No
bloodiei deed is recorded in the files
of time. No people have ever paid so
dearly as the Southern people for this
atrocious act of u madman in no sense
affiliated with them in sentiment or
All this happened marly forty-eight
years a^o There have been many and
vast changes since that fateful day,
ami the prayer which Lincoln prayed
that the country might be one again
lias been answered in a way that would
have rejoiced his great heart. Not an
anniversary of his birth ami death has
passed since Ids cruel taking off en
Which some tribute lias not been paid
to his memory, and so it will be to tho
end of time among generous Amer-
icuns, wherever their residence or in-
herited sentiments; for however ho
may have been misjudged in the con-
fusion and stress of antagonistic opin-
ion, there are none so Bourbon now
who do not praise him for his courage
and his faithfulness to his honest con-
Had he lived until next Wednesday
Mr. Lincoln would have been 104 years
of age. He was born in Kentucky
Feb. 12, 1800, and died in Washington
April 15, 1M15, in his fifty-seventh
year at the very zenith of his powers.
Ilia life and death are commemorated
by Tin; Ni;\v YORK Times to-day, as
loyal now to his memory as it was
zealous in the cause lor which he dieob
nearly half a century ago.
The books are full of the story of
his life and work, but there ure still
many interesting facts connected with
him that have not yet been noted,
notwithstanding the Industry of thoso
v, ho have collected great masses of
everything they could find in any way
connected with his life and death.
Mr. Lincoln, as every one knows,
was shot by Booth while lie was at-
tending a thoatrlcal performance at
Ford's Theatre in Washington. " Our
American Cousin " held tho boards that
night and Laura Keene was playing
the part of Florence Trenchard for
the last time. She had already per-
formed the same part for a thousanOL
nights. Five years before she hail
played tho r61e ut McVlckar's Theatre,
in Chicago the night of the day on
which Mr. Lincoln was nominated for
President by the Republican Conven-
tion, in May, I860, and all unconscious
of the terrible tragedy, she played with
uncommon cleverness, and while yet
the theatre was ringing with laughter.
and applause, came the crack of the
| pistol shot from the President's box,
| that plunged the country into mourn- i
After Mr. Lincoln had been shot he|
was removed across the street from !
the theatre to the residence of William
Petersen, a highly respected merchant
tailor, who lived directly opposite the,
playhouse, at 51b' Tenth Street. This
'house is still standing, as is also the
old Ford Theatre, and both are now,'
owned by the Government. There have
been few changes in tho Petersen i
house. It is to-day very much what
it was tho morning Mr. Lincoln died)
in it, and has been converted into a,'
museum for the collection of articles
In any way related to the President.
For forty years Osborn H. Oldroyd
bus been devoting himself to the as-
sembling together of this invaluable
collection, in which are included more
than three thousand relics,' which con-
stitute, as Elizabeth Porter Gould has
said, " one of the most Interesting and
valuable ever collected in behalf of
a human being." The collection con- 1
tains two hundred and fifty funeral i
sermons, about seventy pieces of music, j
a thousand volumes relating to Lin-1
coin, three hundred portraits, bust;-,
and medals, photographs of Booth, pict-
ures of the assassination, the family
cradle in which tho Lincoln children
wcro rocked, an original black locust
rail split by the young nun, then never
dreaming of the place he was to till
In tho history of the world; the family
Bible t'n.m which Lincoln's mother
read to him when ho was a boy, and
literally thousands of other things in
some sort associated with the mur-
Twi nty-elgmj ycam ago Frank Car-
penter wrote for the American Press i
Association a thrilling story of some
gruesome reminders of the assassina-
tion of Mr. Lincoln. They wore in the
possession of Fred Petersen, the son
of William Petersen, In whose kpuae
Mr. Lincoln died. Thtse relics h
two plain pillow cases stained with
blood and clotted with brains and
a blood-stained QUilt originally a
beuutlf-.l piece of Irish worsted work,
"tiie colors of which, strange to any.
Were rod, white and blue." At the
tin)'; of Mr. Lincoln's assassination,
Petersen v...-; 10 years of a «, and lie
told this tiory:
•■ i in •_•),.. pillow case President l-in-
colj) la;, wnen to was first brought In,
but U soon necamo saturated w ih
blood. ..iid Secretary Stanton asked me
for another. I brought him this (tak-j
lng up the second pillow case), and on'
this he died. The scenes are fresh now
BS i'" lie; hid huppened but yesterday.
1 i\as :! home for my ICaster vacatlqn,!
I and my father lived in the brick house
| just opposite Ford's Theatre. This
I theatre was then the leading one of
| Washington, and a bo?: was always re-
| served for Lincoln. I was well ac-
' quainted with the theatre people, and
I i knew the ins and outs well. Lln-
' coin attended the theatre often, and
' he was surpris d one time to see youn
Tad on the stage, dressed up to repre-
sent of the minor characters. Ha did
not know him at first, . uls actions
seemed strangely familiar, and when
! he saw who it was lie DUVBt into a ha-
ll l which called the attention of the'
house to ills box. t
•' I knew Wilkes Bootl} very well, ana
he sometimes slept at our house. HP
was a tall, well-made >omg fellow.
and ho had large olack eyes and
luxuriant black hair. He w. i ■■ nerv-
ous, erratic, strange man; and It Is a
curious th.v.g that he slept I »
ltol.se a week before this deed WM
done, and under this same coverlid
upon which Lincoln dl< d.
••The assassination, you know, oc-l
[curred on the night of the Wth of
April and I saw Booth lhal morning
1 riding u little sorrel mare down P< :
sylvaula Avenue, it was not far of!
■ from Willard-s Hotel that 1 saw hinl.
and I was then on my way to play
j b ill on the grounds just below the
White House. Winn tho game «;, 5
I ,Vor I wenl horn • and had supper.
I AJJtci supper I wenl to th, th atre.
', but l did not go to Ford's, as I had
| Often seen the ' American OoUBin,
but I went to anoth-r theatre, where
•Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp'
was being played.
•• vs 1 started out to go to the the-
atre I saw the President's carriage
drive up to Ford's, and President L
co l n iu ,d some other gentlemen and
ladies got out. After I had been at
The theatre but a short time the man-
ager came to the front of the stage
and said that the performance bad to
slop, as the President had been shot
at Ford's. Tlw crowd made a rush for
J (^ Hcynp"' "
e walilc 1 1
• was at j
o nrl HI ' J
the door.-*, ami l tried io go home.
'* As I reached the corner of Tenth
find E Streets, a block away from the,
theatre, I heard some men gathered^
around a follow whom they had caught \
hold of, and yelling) 'Hang lnm.'
bang him!' They were standing
under a sycamore tree, and one of
them suggested that it was a good
place to string him up. The wretch
was a poor fellow who had nothing to I
do with the assassination, but whom i
they suspected. I pushed my way past ,
these men and finally got to the door ■
of my father's house. Two soldiers J
were in front of it. I tried to pass]
them, but they said: ' You ean't go!
in. The President is lying in there.'
1 ' nut I live' here,' I replied.
1 ' That makes no difference, you '•
can't go in," returned the soldiers. |
"'1 will tiro if I can't get in:' i
muttered to myself as I slipped around
, to a shutter which I knew could be
I opened, and climbed into tin window. , :
The first man I met was my ftithvl'. j
i and he told me the President was lying
, in the room the actor Matth ews h i I
j formerly occupied, and that ht
; me to help him. My sister
school at Bethlehem, Penn., and m
mother was there with her. So 1 was
practically alone with my father."
" Did Lincoln die in the room into
which he was first carried?"
"Yes, but this room has not been'
'well represented in *he pictures of the
scene. It was a small, narrow room
in the rear of the house and just at
i the end of the entrance hall. It was
about 10 ieet wide and 15 feet long, j
j It was very plainly furnished, and the
walla were covered with brown and J
White stripes of paper running up and
down froi- the floor to the celling
I Some engravings and photograph j
i were hanging on the wall, [here .v.r. j
Petersen pointed to some cheap pic*
lures upon the walls of his room where
we were sitting,) and these pictures
were among them. The furniture ot
the room was very simple. There was.
merely a bureau, a little black walnujM
bedstead, and a few chairs.
""When I came in tin; President w;:a
lying on the bed. His face l.iokcd
' ghastly, and the blood Was still flow-
ing from his wound upo • the piilows.
| The blood flowed fast and the pillows)
I were saturated. A J-umber of he Cab-j
linet inc uding Edv»n Stanton, Solmonj
P. Chase, Seere:ary Weils, and others,!
I stood beside the bed. and several doc !
! tors were present. Charles Sumner .--at
on the bed ' Holding the President'^
i hand, and sobbed like a child. There
'were tears in the eyes of nearly every
man present, and now and then they
tried to speak with the President. Bui
he was unconscious. He lay Willi Lis
bead on this p illow, and bis eyes, ailj
j blood shot, almost protrud'ed'from their ,
'sockets. His face twitched, and it 1
■looked as though be was trying to j
speak, but I suppose the action of bis
features was involuntary."
"Was Mrs. Lincoln present'.'" 33
""No, ..l this time she was in an ad-
joining room, and Robert was there
trying to comfort her. She was sob-
bing and crying, and during that night.
she came now mid Hien to the bed,
und burst into a flood of tears, and :
then Went away, sobbing, into the oilier
room. The doctors wanted f.omo hot
water and battles, and asked mo. to get
them for them. Wo had :i hot 'ire
in the kitchen, and I had the cook put
the hot water in the bottles and bring
them in. The doctors then placed them
about the body of the President, rub-
bing his limbs all the time to keep tho
blood in circulation. I helped them,
and stood at the foot of the bed, rub-
bing ins right leg. At this time all
hope had not been given up, but as
the_ night wore on the prospects be-
| came very gloomy, and the scene comes
j before me to-night.
" Between 3 and 4 o'clock I got very
sleepy, and was sitting on a trunk at
tho foot of the bed and nodding. Sec-
retary Wells touched me and said:
1 ' My boy, you are tired out, and you
, had better go out and get some sleep,
I and we will call you if we need you.'
At this I went into the next room and
sat down upon a rocking chair. I was
soon sound asleep, but in a moment >
rough hand caught my shoulder, am
Secretary Stanton's voice said: ' Mj
boy, this is no time to sleep, am
you had better go in and watch.' 1
then returned to my place, but I could
not keep my eyes open, and I finally
went into the back room and slept till
i dawn. It was just light when I re-
j turned to the death chamber. Pres-
1 ident Lincoln was breathing so heavily
I that you could have' heard him In any
j part of the house..! His face was death-
like, and his jaw had fallen down upon
hia breast, showing his teeth. So lie
remained until 7:22, when he died.
" I have never seen a correct paint-
i ing of the deathbed. A lot of cheap
[• things were thrown upon the country
at the time, but they were not in ae-
ccrdauce with tho facts. Mrs. Lincoln
is painted in these pictures as kneeling
at tliu bedside and holding her hus- j
bund's hand as the life went out of j
1 is body. She was, in fact, not in tho |
room. The Cabinet were, however, ail
pr sent, und -all. were weepi ng. - ' Ch a/iea
'Simmer ;w:d Robert Lincoln, st jou vo-
Sethor and S-. mner's arm Was ..irown
around young Roburts shoulders. Sum
ner was crying, and young Lincoln was
" I then, left the house and went to
tell my father who was at his store.
It was a na-i-.y cay. As I opened the;
door I saw that it was drizzling, j
cloudy, and dark. There was a guard j
around the house, and also one sta-
tioned on each of the corners, ubo.o
and boiQw. I gave the first announce-
ment of the death to them and through
them to the outside world. I got '
father and when I came back the !
Pre* dent was all black about the eye j
«riC forehead. I p;n my hand on ma
race, and it was as ccld as stone. j
"Soon after this Mr. Lincoln was
taken from the house. His body was |
wrapped up in a couple of blankets and i
ca.ried to the eniba.lrncr's. It was
then l'.M out in state in tho East Room !
of £?-;». White House." j
'"'You do not own the house in which
Pi't-fcident Lincoln died, Mr. Petersen? "I
" Xo; all is changed now, and these'
relics Which 1 have me the last prac
Ueal i videm es u» ihu President's last
Buffering*. The room in which he died
lias been changed, and we have sold tha
house to its present owner, Lo-ls
Shade. We got SM.0OO for It, and tho
buye» took It bcjausu he though'- the
Coven. >•' n- would use H as a maseum,
and he asked, some time ago, SjW.OUO
•or it. These p'.o.ures and the*o pit
low cases are all that Is left of the
furniture We sold the bed upon -which
the President died for $80. and 1 .nlnli
it is now in Syracuse, N. Y. No one
has ever slept under this covcHf. tince
thai tasiiU and we would not Ihluk^of
using KT I do not think it should be
: sold to any one. It should be pro-
I served for a museum. We could have
I sold 1* time and again.
" it is wonderful the desire people
have for collecting relics o* Lincoln.
They came for clays after 'ho Pres-
ident's death to see the room in which
he died, and they stole everything they
could get their hands on They
! snipped pieces out of Hie curtains,
j pulled paper off of the. walls, and even
I carried away the mustard piasters we
' used that night. When Hie President
I was carried over from tho theatre to
I the house that night, some drops of
I his blood fell upon our doorstep, and
'the next day men and boys dipped
' little pieces of paper into this blood
and carried them avay us mementoes.
" The day after the assassination
was Sunday, and Washington was
j draped in black, and all tho preachers
preached funeral ser"ions over him.
" I don't like to think of it." con-
cluded Mr. Petersen, as he folded up
[the, blood-stained pillow cases and
quilt. "Tho scenes of it sorac'linc3
haunt me like a nightmare, and I al-
most wish that I had not been a part
There are other relics of the sort'
owned by Mr. Petersen that have *ieca
In the possession of Mr. George Rector,
proprietor of the Rector Hotel In thia
city, for more than forty vears. These
relics consist of the Olood-stajred.
pillow on which Mr. Lincoln rc-to., his
head when he was in his deat 1 : ugo des
and the bolster which was be»ea"h it.
and the picture of " The Village lilacr-
smith " which :iung over tne bed o»,
which the President lied
When the war began Mr. Rector,
then a lad about twenty years old,
enlisted in the Eighth Heavy Artillery
of New York, and for three ,ears did
gallant service at the front. His regi-
ment was under thj command of Col
Peter A. Porter, ani belonged to th
Second Brigade, Seco.id LVns:o.j, Se
.ond Corps, under tne co tun ma
Winfield Scott Han-uuK.
After three years at who tTont Mr,
Rector entered the s.-rv't^e or hi Gov-
ernment as a cle.k in tne »Va< iJepart-.
ment at Washington, A'here he re-
mained for two years, and djrlng this
time ho met .vtioo LoJse Petursei, the
eldesi daugn.er jf William Petersen,
and was marrijd io her :u Aiay, 3SG1V
on his twenty-f:fth Dinhuav. Whei\
Mr. Lincoln was jhot no .vas carried, as.
already r.Oied, »'. o.n ino .noutre to the
Petersen V.ouse j.iu was .aid upon the
bed in .Vifj Lo«..se Pei-rsen s <oom oi»|
..ho first fioui vi .ho ouilding, where
he died At eh j .in io sne .*;<;* absent!
from hjine atte.uing u female seni
J. c '
HI....V ... peui'lSitr.li, IcWI,, Olid U U.I.*.
lliua .niii a ;t chuinuor bceania tlie
/\-H l^vvU^, -^-<X-. % 1115
javUA'u/ fo« AoruNuiii Lincoln from
SUl'l.T .0 jeaCctl
ft.rii. itectpr died some years a«o, but:
her jusouud ji-i<) preserved the/,
precious, ;h,ugh tfiuevodHj, tejlca that,-
cubjo Ui.j nia poaS'-ssion turough aera
ai>il would present them lo tho (Jov- 1
ern.uent to «(iat under ita protection
they .iu n hi be preserved for all um»'
ii> .•(•in.ii i .he peopiu of all coming
generation* «>: the life that tins man'
lhed ami the death he died.
Thcro me jnly iliiuo persons now llv«
.ny Wfio hnow 100 diaiory of thesa A
relics— llr», Welnsing; who wual
Pauline l'o.cr,sen, of Baltimore; Fred
Petersen, a rcLired jar pet merchant,
iiuh- res'uing >ri Baltimore, and Mr.(
FioctQi cf this town. It wool "i bo well
if these reminders' of one 01 tho mont
infamous cr lines evei coin/pitted In
tho «:i\ilizod worm Louhl he added to!
tlio murvoloua coliccilun of Lincoln]
relies at , , Wasinngion. Tlie pillow
.owned by Mr. Hector Is covered with
blood ua distinct a i most' to thia day
,..-> wr.en it ■ wa» ai,ed in Washington
now nearly lit. li a century ago.
Tiio ;miu\v. tiiowa some black marks;
besides t:.c biood ataina, which am
Supposed to liavo beet) made by a pair
of rubbe. iu'ioes worn by Mr, Lincoln
i he n.Kht oi rua mu.*utv, which wevq
b^ridled up with the uedclothcH iu tho
to.'ilhlc contusion of tho ni^rit. Tha
Illustrations, tlie first th;U nave over
been printed of these relics, show tho
bicoi. stains, They were nude from
special photograph;; taken for Tun
Times by the p esent Ura Hector and
will remind the rendei o. a fearful in-
cident in the History of this Nation and
of the immorta'Sty wnich eainc to I, in-
colp through hla Fiari'lyos to v.he cuuni
try and his suUonui, «uto ueath.
George Rector, Who Owns Lincoln Kejics.
Vol. LXVII. No. 7
February 12, 1913
Whole Number 2»5»
N K W S P A P E R , P E B R U A R V I * , I 9 I *
The Morning Lincoln Died
HOW A GRIEF-STRICKEN NATION WAS PRESENTED WITH THE FIRST
AND POSSIBLY ONLY ACCURATE SKETCH OF THE DEATH SCENF. OF
R y C i; R O E S II E R I I) A N
EDITOR'S NOTE:— We are indebted lo Capt. Osborn H. Oldroyd.
founder of the museum in the house in which Lincoln breathed his last,
for much of the information which this article contains. Mr. Oldroyd
is undoubtedly the most faithful Lincoln student in the United
States. It is a pleasure to pay him this tribute.
LINCOLN ON HIS DEATHBED.
A famous picture drawn for ''Leslie's" by its special artist. Allien Berg ha u a. on April lf».
I86.S, two days after the President was shot at Ford's Theater, by John Wilkes Uooth. h
was published in "Leslie's" of April 29, 1865. This was the first and probably the most accu-
rate picture made of that memorable scene. The artist took the greatest pains to locate the
positions of the distinguished men present and he reproduced the details of the room with
perfect fidelity. The death room Is In a house opposite the theater, now utilized as a Lin-
coln Museum. There are hosts of visitors to this historic place every year. Left to right.
standing: J. (J Ike, II. UIke, Mr. Karnsworth, Mr. Petersen, Jr., Chief Justice Chase, Mr.
Colfax, Postmaster-General Dennison, Mr. Proctor, Mr. Petersen, Charles Sumner. Robert
Lincoln, Rufus P. Andrews. Genera] Meade, Surgeon Crane, General I la Heck. Mr. Sanford.
Secretary Stanton. Seated: Secretary Welles, Surgeon Stone, Surgeon-General Barnes.
CAPT. O. II.
of Abraham Lin-
cluii has been depicted
thousands of times,
and in the costliest
and most elaborate
engravings, but the
highest prized sketch
of that greatest hu-
man interest moment
in the history of the nation is a drawing by a
faithful FRANK LESLIE'S artist who gained
access to the chamber before any of his
colleagues. To the accuracy of this man's
pen, we owe an everlasting debt for the
most reliable and graphic representation of
the last sad hour. His performance was
hailed as the most spectacular journalistic
feat of the time, because In 1 drew the ear-
liest picture of the scene, and without doubt,
the first one which was ever published.
When Lincoln was shot, by John Wilkes
Booth, at Ford's Theater on April 14, 1N65,
two army paymasters rushed to his box,
among other citizens, and then one ol them
ordered the President's carriage to take the
dying executive to the White I louse. Dr.
Charles Taft, a surgeon in the audience,
who by the way was not related to Presi-
dent Taft, hastily countermanded the order
and directed that the President be moved
to the nearest bed. Lincoln would not
have jived to reach home, because the jolt-
ing over the cobble-stone pavement would
undoubtedly have brought on a fatal
hemorrhage. Thus it was that the mortally
wounded victim was taken across the
street from Ford's Theater lo the plain
little home of William Petersen, a tailor.
So eager were men to help that they tore
theater chairs from their fastenings that
those who were carrying Mr. Lincoln might
have room. On reaching the street, the
tearfid group made its way to the porch of
the house. A man was standing on the
stoop, the door was open, and there was a
dim light in the hall. Those who bore the
President were relieved to find a neat bed-
room at the end of the hall, and there the
unconscious form was tenderly laid.
"The single bed was pulled out from the
corner of the room, and the martyred Presi-
dent laid upon it, diagonally, his extreme
length not admitting of any other position,"
Dr. Taft afterward related to Capt. Osborn
II. Oldroyd, who has made such a thorough
study of accurate Lincoln data- "I then ad-
ministered a small glass of brandy and
water, and it was swallowed without much
difficulty. Twenty minutes afterward, I
gave him another leaspoonful, but it was
not swallowed. To the whole anterior sur-
lace of the body, from neck to ankles, sina-
pism was applied, with the hope of restoring
vitality, but not the smallest sign of con-
sciousness was shown by the patient from
the moment I saw him in the box until his
"All through the long, weary night tin
watchers stood by the couch of the dying
President," Mr. Oldroyd told me, taking up
the narrative, "lie was unconscious every
minute from the lime the bullet crashed
into his brain — which was at twenty min-
utes past ten o'clock at night — until the
dawn of day, when the tide of life ebbed out.
About seven o'clock in the morning Dr.
Stone, the family physician who had been
in attendance along with Surgeon-General
Joseph K. Barnes, announced that death
was at hand. At twenty-two minutes past
seven the pulse ceased beating.
"Secretary Stanton approached the bed
and uttered, in a low voice: Noli) he belongs
lo Ike ages. Rev. Phineas I). Gurley, the
President's pastor, dropped upon his knees
by the bedside and uttered a fervent prayer.
Never was a supplication wafted to Heaven
under more solemn circumstances. Or.
Gurley went to the front parlor, where he
prayed with Mrs. Lincoln. At the con-
clusion ol the prayer, he, with Robert
Lincoln, assisted her to the death cham-
"At nine o'clock soldiers placed I he body
of the President in a temporary coffin,
wrapped it with the American Mag, and car-
ried it lo the hearse. The soldier squad
wilh 1 .rir.rrl ,<f .•■■, -.I-.- f^lt. ...-,.. J I.. C ■
oral C. C. Augur ami other military officers
on foot, formed the procession, which moved
up Tenth Street lo (",, thence to the White
House, where the body was carried in by
soldiers. Every loyal man fell that he had
suffered a personal bereavement, and as
the sad news spread throughout the city
the rain began to softly fall, as if the
heavens were weeping for the nation's
The following clay Leslie's artist gained
admission to the room in which Lincoln had
died. William T. (lark, a soldier belonging
10 Company O, 13th Massachusetts In-
fantry, was the occupant of the place and
Captain Oldroyd has a copy of a letter
which Clark wrote in which he vividly re-
fers to the artist's visit. It is lo his sister,
is dated Wednesday, April 19, 1S65, and
To-day the funeral nl Mr. Lincoln Hikes place
The streets me lieinc .Tended at this curly hour
(!i a.m.) und Uto procession will probably nut inovr
fur three bourn. The past few days have been of
Intense exeltemenl ; arrests iirr numerously made —
If any parly is hcurd 10 utter nocuab sentiments.
The time has come when persons CUMOl s.iv what
they please, for the people] ure awfully Indignant .
1 1 uiiili 1 ils dally call ut the house to pain entrance
to my room.
I was eiujnucod nearly all Sunday with l'n.iNK
Lksuf.'.s special artist, aidinifhim in making a com-
plete drawing of the last momenta of Lincoln, a-s I
Know the position of everyone percent. He suc-
ceeded In ncrrutlllg a line sketch, which will appear
in their paper.
So careful of details was the artist that he
depicted a copy of an old engraving which
hung on the wall. Herring's "Village Black-
smith," which still hang* in the same place.
He even caught the curious slant of the top
of I lie ceiling over Lincoln's dealh-bed.
CO Sixtv1iTti " eC ° rd J 01 ! 6? N0> m '" Wwhlngtcn, Tuesday, June 1, 1926
Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session
The Passing of Lincoln
EXTENSION OF REMARKS
HON. JAMES A. EEEAE
In this House of Representatives
Tuesday, June 1, 1926
Mr. FREAK. Mr. Speaker, several days ago it was my privi-
lege to have a highly interesting interview with CorpL James
Tanner, once commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, a
man who lost both legs in the Civil War, and an able, rugged,
forceful man to-day, who cures nothing for titles nor honors
beyond the plain name of " corporal," which he earned when a
boy of 17 in the- Army, and when so frightfully wounded in
He was called upon by Secretary Stanton and others as a
stenographer to be present on that terrible night when Lincoln
was assassinated. The facts related by Corporal Tanner imme-
diately surrounding the events of that night are of such wide-
spread interest and supply a chapter that may not have been
preserved elsewhere, that I have asked the privilege to place
in the Record his recent letter to me and his statement of what
transpired within his own knowledge on the night of April 14,
In doing this let mo further say it is at the request of my
father, now living, aged nearly 92 years, a veteran of the
Second Wisconsin Cavalry, who served three years and six
months during that great war and fought under Lincoln to
save the Union. On this day, following the impressive memo-
rial exercises held throughout the land yesterday, I feel the
timo and circumstance la opportune for their insertion in the
&SOISTBR of Wilu, United Status Couutuoci.su,
WastUiiyton, D. 0., May 7, 10ZS.
Udu. Jam&s A. FiiWAu,
Uoutsa of HepresenttUives, Washington, D. 0.
Mt Dbajj MR. FiiKAHi Thanks for your very compliineutary commu-
nication. While I would not dealro to be thought ua seektag publicity;
Congressional Record Vol . 6? No. 1A3
Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session
Washington, Tuesday, June 1, 1926^"
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD— APPENDIX
because of my accidental participation In the supreme tragedy of Uils
Nation and all of iU history, I have no objection to what you proiKisc, of
placing that urtiele in the RB0ORD of Congress, for I can readily see
that the matter la Of very general Interest to all our millions of inhabi-
tants. Tliis, not at all because I wrote it, but beeauso or their Interest
In the toweling subject of what I wrote. It lias never been In the
BBCOOD, In one way or other, the subject matter baa been printed,
but never collectedly, to Illustrate:
As 1 (old you, for 50 years 1 have attended the annual encampments
of the Grand Army of the Republic; never missed one since I began
In 1870. Well, It was gem rally known that I bad hern In that death
group and the reporters would come for an Interview, and generally,
tiny would mangle what I gave them, plenty of misstatements, and
whatever they got they would cut it to suit their cloth, and the
" cloth " was the space they could give it, und even after I wrote this
article some years ago, I would lake a copy or two along to I ho na-
tional encampment, and when they would come at me about this mat-
ter, bund them this slutement, they would take it, but they would
measure what Bpace they hud in their paper and Invariably cut It,
ti ml never once gave it In full, and I never felt more like bitting u
man iu cold blood (though I guess I was suddenly hot under the
collar) as when a sprig of a reporter tackling me about it, said,
"So you were really at Mr. Lincoln's deathbed?" I said, " Yes ;
there's my account of it. Don't pour more questions on me," and with
u smirk, be remarked, "It must have been an interesting occasion."
I certainly would have smote him if I had had the physical ability.
You are at perfect liberty to do whatever you sec bt with It.
t1iu passincj oit abba.ha.m lincoln
Among all the characters who loomed largo In the public mind from
3 801 to 1865, one camo to stand apart and alone in supremacy, finally
recognized almost unanimously the world over as without a peer. It
took the perspective of many years to enable US to get a correct viow
of (ho greatness of his character, his transcendent intellectual endow-
ment, the utter unselfishness of bis purpose, bis absolute devotion to
the Interests of the Nation, which had called him to its leadership
and the great agony endured by his loving, gentle heart as he stag-
gered under bis awful burden, an agony never equaled since the
Savior of mankind passed the night in the Garden of Gethsemane.
Our people have shown iu a thousand ways, und particularly lu his
recent centennial, that every atom relating to the life of Abraham
Lincoln Is of Intense and conlinuous Interest to them, aud because of
this and because of the fact that I was a spectator of the Anal scene
of the supreme tragedy of that time on the morning of April lo, 1805,
I pen these lines.
At that lime f was an employee of the Ordnance Bureau of the War
Department and had some ability as a shorthand writer. The latter
fact brought me within touch of tho events of that awful night. I bad
gone with a friend to witness the performance that evening at Urover's
Theater, where now stands the New National. Soon after 10 o'clock a
man rushed In from the lobby and cried out, " i'resident Lincoln has
been shot In Ford's Theater." There was great confusion at once, most
of the audience rising to their feet. Some one cried out, " It's a ruse
of the pickpockets; look out I " Almost everybody resumed bis seat,
but almost immediately one of tho cast stepped out on the stage and
said, " The sad news is too true ; the audience will disperse."
My friend and myself crossed to Willard's Hotel and there were told
that Secretary Seward bad been killed. Men's faces blanched as tbey
at once asked, "What news of Stanton? Uavo tbey got him, too?"
The wildest rumors soon tilled the air.
I had rooms at the time in the house ndjolulug tho Peterson bouse,
into which the President bad been carried. Hastening down to Tenth
Street, I found an ulmost solid mass of humanity blocking tho street
und the crowd constantly enlarging. A silence that was appalling
prevailed. Interest centered on all who entered or emerged from the
Peterson bouse, and all of the latter were closely questioned as to the
stricken President's condition, i'rom tho llrst the answers were un-
varying — that there was no hope.
A military guard had been placed in front of the house and those
adjoining, but upon telling the commanding olllcer that I lived there I
passed up to my apartment, which comprised tho second story front of
the house. There was a balcony in front, and I fouud my rooms and
the balcony thronged by the other occupants of the house. Horror
was In every heart and dismay on every countenance. AVe had just
about a week of tumultuous Joy over the dowufull of Richmond and
the collapse of the Confederacy, aud now In an instant nil this wus
changed to the deepest woe by the foul shot of the cowardly assassin.
U was nearly midnight when Major General Augur (mine out on tho
stoop of the Peterson House and asked If there was anyone In tbo
crowd who could write shorthand. There was no response from the
street, but one of my friends on the balcony told the general there
was a young man Inside who could serve blm, whereupon the general
told hiui to ask uie to come down us they uecded me. So it waa that
I enmo into close touch with the scenes and events surrounding the
tlu.'il hours of Abraham Lincoln's lifo.
Entering tho house I accompanied Genera] Auger down the hallway
to tin; rear parlor. As we passed the door of the front parlor tin*
moans and sobs of Mrs. Lincoln struck painfully upon our . urs.
[Entering tbo rear parlor, I found Secretary Stanton, Judge David ic.
Carter, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia,
Hon. It. A. Dill, and many ethers.
I took my seat on one side of a small library table opposite Mr. Stan-
ton, with Judge Carter ut tho end. Various witnesses were brought in
who had oil tier been la Lord's 'theater or up in the vl inlty of Mr.
Seward's residence. Among them were Harry Hawk, who bad been
Asa 'Pri ii. Inn el that uli,bt In the play, "Our American Cousin," Mr.
Alfred ClOUgbly, Col. G. V. Itutherford, and others. As I look dowu
the Statements they made we were distracted by the distress of Mrs.
Lincoln, for though the folding doors between the two parlors wire
closed, her ir.mi ic sorrow was distressingly audible to OS.
She was accompanied by Miss Harris, of New York, who, with Iut
liaiiee, Major Balhbone, hud gone to the theater with the President
aud Mrs. Lincoln. Booth, iu his rush through tho box after bring
the fatal shot, had lunged nt Major Kathbouo with his dagger und
wounded blm in the arm .slightly. In the naturally Intense excite-
ment over the President's condition it is probable thut Major Bath-
bone himself did not realize that he was wounded until after be bad
been in tho Peterson House some time, when bo fainted from lots of
blood, was attended to, bis wound dressed, und lie taken to bis ujiact-
uieiits. lie and Miss Harris subsequently married.
Through all the testimony given by those who lind been iu Lord's
►Theater that night there was un undertone of horror which held the
witnesses back from positively Identifying the assassin as Booth. Said
Harry Hawk, " to the best of my belief, It was Mr. John Wilkes Booth,
but I will not bo positive," und so It went through the testimony of
others, but the sum total left no doubt as to the identity of the as-
Our task was interrupted very many times during the night, some-
times by reports or dispatches for Secretary Stanton but more often
by him for tho purpose of issuing orders calculated to enmesh liootb in
ills bight. "Guard the Potomac from the city down," was his repeated
direction. "He will try to get south." Many dispatches were sent
from that table before morning, some to General Dix at New York,
others to Chicago, Philadelphia, etc.
Several times Mr. Stanton left us a few moments and passed hnrk
to the room iu the ell ut the end of the ball where the President
lay. The doors were open and sometimes there would he a few BCCOlids
of absolute silence when we could hear plainly the stertorous breathing
of the dying man. 1 think It was on his return from his Uilrd trip of
this kind when, as be again took his seat opposite me, I looki d earnestly
at him, desiring, yet hesitating to ask if there was any chance of life.
Ho understood und 1 saw u choke In his throat us he slowly forced the
answer to my unspoken question — " There is no hope." lie had im-
pressed mo through those awful hours as being a man of steel, but I
knew then thut ho was dangerously near a convulsive breakdown.
During tho night there camo In, 1 think, about every man then of
prominence iu our national life who was in the Capital ut the time and
who had Iniird of the tragedy. A few whom I distinctly recall WCTO
Secretaries Welles, Usher, and MrCullough, Attorney General Speed,
und Postmaster GcneralJDennison, Assistant Secretaries Field and Otto,
Governor Oglesby, Senators Sumner and Stewart, aud Generals Meigs
and Augur. I huvo seen many asserted pictures of tho deathbed scene
and most nf them huvo Vice I'resident Andrew John6on seated In ii
chair near tho foot of the bed on the left bide. Mr. Johnson was uot
in the house at all, but in his rooms iu the Kiikwood House, and knew
nothing of tho events of that night until he was aroused In the morning
by Senator Stewart aud others and told tb.it be was I'resident of the
With tho completion of tho taking of the testimony, I at once began
to transcribe my shorthand notes into longhand. Twice while so en-
gaged Miss Harris supported Mrs. Lincoln down tbo hallway to her
husband's bedside. The door leading into the hallway from the room,
Wherein I sat wus open and 1 bud u plulu view of them us they si >«ly
passed. Mrs. Lincoln wus uot ut the bedside when her '■ ■ 1
breathed his last. Indeed, I think it was nearly, if not quite, two hours
before the end when she pnid her last visit to the death chamber, nnd
when sho passed our door on her return she cried out, "O my God,
nnd hnvo I given my husband to die 1 "
1 have witnessed and experienced much physical ugony on battle field
and In hospital, but of It all nothing sunk deeper In my memory than
that moan of a breaking heart.
I finished transcribing my notes at 0.45 in the morning and paired
back Into tho room Where the President lay. There were gathered all
those whose names I have mentioned and many others, about 20 or 23
in all, 1 should Judge. The bed bad been pulled out from tic corner
and owing to the stature of Mr. Lincoln he lay diagonally on his back.
He had been utterly unconscious from thfl Instant the bullet ploughed
Into bis biaiu. Ills stertorous breathing subsided a Couple of minutes
Congressional Record Vol. 6? Mo.
Sixty-Ninth Congress, First Session
Washington, Tuesday, June 1, 1926
OONGRLMIONAL KEOo.ii>~AiTi &DIX
atti r 7 o'clock, Fr»>u> th*;i to too «-nd Oalj the g<-nlrc iih ai.4 l«»ll of
bin huaoui g..vc Indication t tin t IK. ivu.ulned.
Xke burgeon .QcMral «n star u>« head ..i tin* bed, «~ im un* « aiiiiug
on the edge thereof, his finger on tin' pulse uf the dying man. Occa-
n!. .-.ill., he put bis ear down to catch tha i-. ., ulus Lea la uf his heart
Mr. I.IucxIu'h |....i ., the Reverend Doctor C irley, Mood a little to tho
left of the l<ed. Mr Ntuotoii but lu a chair "far the foot on the left,
where th< pkctmes place Andrei ,...,.,.. 1 , tood gull . ueur the bead
of the bod iiu.1 from thai position hud full view of Mr. Stanton acroifl
the President's body. At my right Robert lducolu boI>iikI ou the shoul
d. i of I UlirlSH Smuu. j
fciuuton'H tja ■- wan fixed 1 1 . . . . . i .• «a tin' countenance a bin Jj^.j
chief. He bad, tn I .-ii Ueou u man uf steel through iut the Hi,. I..,
but «.- l looked ui iiiu face across the corner of the bed and >nw tho
twitching of tin in .;..<■■ h I knew that it \...., only by a puweriul < aun
thin ho .- i.-ii. j ii i. ■ ii
Tho Unit Indication tbut the dreaded iud had com.- was ut 22 miauled
pant 7, when thi burgeon General gently crossed the puita/ivs* hands
of Uueolu across toe motionless breast .mil ro-ie to bin feet.
Reverend Doctor Oar ley stepped forward n&d lifting hi» hands begun,
"Our Father and our tlod" — I snatched pencil and notebook- from my
[i.i.i.'i, but my haste defeated my purpose. My pencil point d had
but one i caught lu my coat anu tirokc. and the world loht the prayer—
a fni'i - iiii ■ wan only interrupted i>y the si.bs of Btanton n» u«
burled his fttet; lu the bedclothca. An "Thy will be done, Aineu," lu
subdued and Iremulona tones ri . i. i through that Utile chamber, Mr.
.Stanton raised his hand, the tcura Streaming down bin cheeks A more
BK'onlni-d ozpresalon I never aiiw on a huuiuu countenance Hd he wotiiied
out the words, " He belongs to the ngus now."
Mr. stunton directed MaJ. Thumus M. Vincent of the a..n to tuke
charge of the body, culled a meeting of tho Cabinet In the room wh"r*
we hud passed moat of the nlt'iit, and the assemblage disponed.
Coiug to my apart uicrvt, 1 tint iJukii :it 0UCr to uiake a aicoBcl lung
hand copy for Mr. Hluuruu of Hie testimony I hud taken. It occurring
to me Unit 1 wuhed to retain the one I hud written out that night 1
bud been thus engaged but a brief time, when hearing Home corn motion
on the street, I stepped to the window and saw a cninu containing tJ>a
body of tho dead President being placed lu u hearse, which pa**ed up
Tsntb Klreet to f and thus to the v\ ii 1 1 • - House escorted i > a lieutenant
and 10 privates. As they parsed will) measured tread and arm*
reversed, uiy bund Involuntarily went t« niy hind lu salute; a- they
started on their long, losx,- journey buck to the prniPlC-B mid the Inula
be knew and loved *u well, Ihu inorcai remains of the greatest American
of all lime, bar none.
.Iahi-M 7a:. m *
Lute corporul. Company O, Kiyhii/sevf/ith U<.yt*t<nt A«nt York
Vehmtctri, Acarnry'i ;'i..<icni, Third Corps, Arm^ »/ (/■«
Commander in ohief, OiuhU Aimy of the tttiiuiiw, ii~/0 unit tso*.
THE DEATH OF LINCOLN— J. H. Littlefield's conception of the final scene in America's first
Farwell, Secretary McCulloch, Governor Oglesby, General Farnsworth, Vice President Johnson, Judge <
C. S. Taft, Senator Sumner, Attorney General Speed, Dr. Crane, Rev. Dr. Gurley, Secretary Usher. G«
Stone (on bed), Mrs. Lincoln, and Surgeon General Barnes.
Febaruary 10, 1929
residential assassination. At the deathbed, as identified by the old-time artist, were, standing: Governor
)tto, Speaker Colfax, Postmaster General Dennison, Dr. C. A. Leale, Maj. John Hay, Robert Lincoln, Dr.
neral Halleck, "General Auger, Secretary Stanton, and General Meigs. Seated: Secretary Welles, Dr.
(Reproduction through courtesy of Chicago Historical society )
Groups with Lincoln Presen'
Of Lincoln on
His Death Bed
H»- International New* Service-
IGRAND JUNCTION, Colo*., Feb. 13.
-jOMtual photograph of Abraham
LifcelJin on his death bed surrounded
1 by a dozen or more close friends Is
I one of the prized possessions of
Charles A. Baker, a passenger con-
ductor on the Denver and Rio Grande
The picture was given to Baker's
grandmother by Mrs. Lincoln within
a month of the president's death.
"My grandmother and her family,"
Baker said, "were friends of the Lin-
colns in Kentucky, long before Abe
Lincoln was on the road to fame.
"Lincoln died April 15, 1865, and
my grandmother received the photo
from Mrs. Lincoln the following May
10. My grandmother in 1868 gave the
picture to my mother, Fanny Baker,
and she in turn gave it to me before
her death in 1917, in Omaha."
^The picture, which Baker says was
taken a few moments after Lincoln
died shows a group of friends, includ-
ing Gideon Wells, secretary of the
navy; Edwin N. Stanton, secretary of
war, and several prominent military
leaders of the Civil war grouped
about the bed on which the body is
The plate from which the picture
was made was destroyed, it is be-
lieved, on orders from Mrs. Lincoln.
Baker has refused $500 for the pic- |
ture. He intends to will the picture
to his son, John Mercer Baker.
SOUTH BEND INT) NEWS -TIMES
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY J.4, iaax.
OF LOCAL INTEREST
b interest h-m been aroused
o recent showing Of the
il photograph of Abraham
Lincoln, which attracted many
people last week. The 'photograph
was on display in the window of
the Red. Trunk Clothing Co.
The photograph is the property
of 'Charles vA. Baker, local rail-
road man, and it is a 'prized pos-
session, llit was given to Mr. Bak-
er's prandimother by Airs. Lincoln
on May 10, I860, shortly after
Lincoln passed away of the bullet
wouiwi inflicted by Booth.
The picture has been shown
here several times and at each
showing, new interest is created
and it becomes more valuable. An
enlargement of the picture was
also shown here last week. The
actual photograph shows Lincoln
on his deathbed, surrounded by
members of the cabinet and, Mrs.
Lincoln kneeling at his bedside.
GRAND JUNCTION COI SENTINEL
Lincoln died at 7:22 A.M., Saturday, April IS, 1866.
Many prominent officials were present at his death.
Secretary of War Stanton at the moment Lincoln died said, "Now he
Belongs to the Ages. H
Lincoln never regained consciousness after he was wounded.
Lincoln died in the same bed in which John Wilkes Booth had slept
three months before.
Lincoln at the time of his death received the best possible radical
It would be impossible for medical science today to save the life of
any man who had a wound similar to Lincoln's.
The days of the iaonth of April for the year 1932 are the same as the
days of the came month in the year of 1865,
\i deathbed of President
Lincoln. He breathed hi*
last in presence of kith, km
of the birth of Abraham
Lincoln, the "Great Eman-
cipator," is being cele-
brated by patriotic, civic
and political organiza-
tions throughout nation.
PEORIA JOURNAL-TRANSCRIPT, APRIL 21, 1935
THE PAGEANT OF AMERICA
BEHIND THE LINES, CIVILIANS CONFOUND
CONFUSION WITH THEIR OWN BITTER WAR
(Copyright by Yale University Press)
THE DEATH OF LINCOLN
Booth's bullet entered Lincoln's head. All through that night his life ebbed slowly with the blood
that soaked from his wound. At 7:22, he died, his sad life extinguished almost exactly as its triumph
DEATH OF LINCOLN— Hidden behind another picture in
a frame bought with a number of others for 75 cents at a
sale was this 1865 photograph, "Death-Bed of Lincoln."
Those pictured are identified on the bottom of the print
(left to right) as follows: Gov. Farwell, Sec. McCulloch,
Sec. Welles, Gov. Oglesby, Gen. Farnsworth, Vice Presi-
dent Johnson, Judge Otto. Speaker Colfax. Dr. Stone. P.
M. Gen. Dennison, Surg. C. A. Leale. Mrs. Lincoln. M
John Hay, Robert Lincoln. Senator Sumner. Surg. L. b.
Taft, Dr.'Barnes, Surg. Gen.. Atty. Gen. Speed. Dr. Crane,
Rev. Dr. Gurlev, Sec. Usher, Gen. Halleck. Gen. Auger,
Sec. Stanton and Gen. Meigs. The print is owned by Mr.
and Mrs. Clifford Skumlien, 1618 Carolina N. E.
Tragic ends met by a few of them In
L rs give color to a tradition
a seemingly dark fate attended
most persons who were connected with
aftermath incident of the assassina-
tion of President Lincoln. The legend
is not well founded.
The old theater, however, Knew dire
In. On the evening of the
day that Edwin Booth, famous actor-
brother of the assassin, was buried at
Boston, the interior of the structure,
which was being rebuilt, collapsed
Twenty-two- men were killed and C8
Last Hours Of Lincoln Described
In Shorthand Account Of Witness
ANN ARBOR, Mich., Dec. 7—
A shorthand account of the last
hours of President Lincoln, trans-
mitted to a friend two days after
the Emancipator's death by a war
department clerk who was at his
bedside, has just come into posses-
sion of the University of Michigan.
The manuscript was the gift of
Mrs. Nellie Strawhecker of Grand
Rapids. Mich., to the William L.
Clements library, the university re-
pository of many rare relics of
America, including- a similar ac-
count of the death of George Wash-
ington as penned by Tobias Lear,
the first president's steward at Mt.
Corporal James Tanner, then a
clerk in the War Department and
later commissioner of pensions dur-
ing the pension scandal of the Har-
rison administration, wrote the ac-
count of Lincoln's death to Hadley
H. Walch, for many years a court
stenographer in Grand Rapids. The
manuscript, at Walch's death, be-
came the property of his partner
who, in turn, bequeathed it to his
widow, Mrs. Strawhecker.
Corporal Tanner, writing on April !
17. 1865, said he was summoned to '
take statements of witnesses of the
"I wnt into a room between the
rear room and the front room,"
Tanner wrote in the quaint hier-
| oglyphics which he called "standard
"Mrs. Lincoln was in the front
room, weeping as though her heart
"In the back room lay His Excel-
lency, breathing hard and with
every breath a groan."
In the room between, Tanner said,
were witnesses and many digni-
"In 15 minutes," Tanner wrote, "I
had testimony enough down to hang
Wilkes Booth, the assassin, higher
than any human ever hung."
Of Mrs. Lincoln's last leave-tak- !
ing from her husband, the corporal
"As she passed through the hall
back to the parlor after she had
taken leave of the President for the
last time, as she went by the door
I heard her moan, 'O, my God, and
have I given my husband to die.'
"And I tell you," Tanner com-
mented, "I never heard so much
agony in so few words."
Then, telling of watching the
assassinated President die, Tanner
"I finished my notes and passed
into the back room where the
President lay; it was very evident
that he could not last long. There
was no crowd in the room, which
was very small, and I approached
quite near the bed on which so
much greatness lay— fast losing its
j hold on this world.
[ "The head of the bed was toward
the door; at the head stood Capt.
Robert Lincoln, weeping on the
shoulder of Senater Sumner. Gen-
eral Halleck stood just behind
Robert Lincoln and I stood just to
the left, between him and General
Meiggs. Secretary Stanton was
there trying every way to be calm
and yet he was very much moved.
"Utmost silence prevailed, broken
only by the sound of strong men's
sobs. It was a solemn time, I
"The President breathed heavily
until a few minutes before he
breathed his last, then his breath
came easily and he passed off verv
Dr. Randolph G. Adams, director
of the •Clements library, said there
was no doubt of the authenticity of
the manuscript, written on a War
Department letterhead. Dr. Adams
said Tanner acknowledged author-
ship of the letter before his death
in 1927 but it remained in private
TOLEDO BLADE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1936"
X)LN, NEBRASKA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1938
PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN AT LINCOLN'S DEATHBED?
Is this a print of an actual
photograph taken as Abraham
Lincoln lay on his deathbed with'
the assassin's bullet in his body?
E. A. Bohn, Lincoln fire insur-
ance adjustor who owns the
photograph, believes that it was
actally made in the death cham-
ber. Persual of data in libraries
over the state, and personal ex-
amination of the photograph
with a magnifying glass have
only strengthened his belief that
the photograph is genuine. Care-
ful examination failed to reveal
any brush strokes or other de-
tails which would indicate the
print is a photograph of a paint-
ing or drawing, Bohn declares.
The photograph, about 6 by 3
inches in size, shows marked
signs of a long and somewhat
hectic life. In 1935, it was hang-
ing on the wall in the back room
of Art Gordon's drugstore at
Merna, Neb. It had hung there
for many years, and Gordon
knew that the man who owned
it before him had had it many
years. Fire broke out in the
store, and everything in it, in-
cluding many of Gordon's per-
sonal treasures in the back
room, was destroyed. Every-
thing, that is, but the Lincoln
Bohn went out to handle in-
surance matters for Gordon. He
exclaimed so often over the Lin-
coln deathbed photograph that
Gordon, pleased with Bohn's
work as adjuster, presented him
with the picture. Now Bohn
would like to know if there is in
existence any other picture of
the emancipator's deathbed
scene. There seems to be a
pretty good chance that even a
photograph of such a picture is
a comparatively rare piece.
Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation ------ Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor,
Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana
FORT WAYNE, INDIANA
April 17, 1939
THE PETERSEN HOUSE
The house standing at 516, formerly numbered 453,
Tenth Street Northwest in Washington has become one
of the nation's most impressive shrines. Here Abraham
Lincoln passed away in a room smaller than the cabin
room in which he was born.
Immediately after the President was shot by the
assassin Booth at Ford's Theatre on the night of April
14, 1865, Dr. Charles Taft examined the prostrate body
of Lincoln and ordered it removed to the nearest bed. Dr.
Taft states that in directing those carrying the body he
observed upon reaching the street a man
standing on the porch of a house just oppo-
site the theatre. "To that house I directed
my steps," he said, "and was pleased to find
a neat hedroom at the end of the hall, with-
i out going upstairs. The single bed was
pulled out from the corner of the room and
the dying President laid upon it diagonally,
his extreme length not admitting any other
The house to which the body of the un-
conscious Lincoln was taken was occupied by
the family of Mr. W. Petersen, and the dwell-
ing has since become known as the Petersen
House. The building, a three-story brick
with a "light" basement which virtually
made it a four-story building, was under
construction when Abraham Lincoln was in
Congress in 1849.
Mr. Petersen evidently became offended be-
cause his home had been called a tenement
house by some of the news reporters, and he
had this impression corrected by Leslie's
weekly which commended, "Mr. Petersen's
house in which the President died is one of
the most respectable houses in Washington
and not a tenement house ... It is one of
the highest of its class."
There were several roomers in the house,
however, and the room where the body of the
President was taken was rented by William
T. Clark. Four other men were inmates of
the home as indicated by this interesting ex-
cerpt from Leslie's paper of April 29, 1865 :
"We present to our readers below conclus-
ive and unsolicited evidence of the accuracy
of our engraving of the scene at the deathbed
of President Lincoln:
Washington, D. C, 453 10th Street,
Sunday, April 16, 1865.
"We, the undersigned, inmates of No. 453
10th street, Washington, D. C, the house in
which President Abraham Lincoln died, and
being present at the time of his death, do
hereby certify that the sketches taken by Mr.
Albert Berghaus, Artist for Leslie's Illustrated News-
paper, are correct.
HENRY ULKE, THOS. PROCTOR,
JULIUS ULKE, WM. T. CLARK,
W. PETERSEN, H. S. SAFFORD."
To the artist Berghaus we are indebted for a minute
description of the death chamber:
"The room in which the President died is in the rear
part of the building, and at the end of the main hall, from
which rises a stairway. The walls are covered with a
brownish paper, figured with a white design. Its dimen-
DIAGRAM OP THAT PART OF
HOUSE UTILIZED ON FATAL
1. Front parlor occupied by
2. Back parlor occupied by Sec-
retary Stanton for the prelimi-
nary examination of witnesses.
3. Hall bedroom in which the
sions are about ten by fifteen feet. Some engravings and
a photograph hang upon the walls. The engravings were
copies of the 'Village Blacksmith,' and Herring's 'Stable
and Barnyard Scenes.' The photograph was one taken
from an engraved copy of Rosa Bonheur's 'Horse Fair.'
The only furniture in the room was a bureau covered with
crochet, a table, eight or nine plain chairs, and the bed upon
which Mr. Lincoln lay when his spirit took its flight. The
bedstead was a low walnut, with headboard from two to
three feet high. The floor was carpeted with Brussels,
considerably worn. Everything on the bed
was stained with the blood of the Chief Mag-
istrate of the nation."
One wonders why a much larger bedroom
just in back of the parlor was not used in
preference to the hall bedroom as it contained
a bed, but Dr. Taft's comment and a citation
by Mr. Oldroyd may answer the question.
Apparently the bed in the large room was not
made up, while Dr. Taft refers to Clark's
room as "a neat bedroom."
A letter which William Clark wrote to his
sister Ida four days after the assassination
has been preserved and reveals some interest-
ing side lights on this last host to the mar-
"Dear Sister Ida:
"Today the funeral of Mr. Lincoln takes
place . . . Hundreds daily call at the house
to gain admission to my room. I was en-
gaged nearly all Sunday with one of Frank
Leslie's special artists, aiding him in making
a complete drawing of the last moments of
Mr. Lincoln, as I know the position of every-
one present. He succeeded in executing a fine
sketch, which will appear in their pauer. He
wished to mention the names of all pictures
in the room, particularly the photograph of
yourself, Clara, and Nannie; but I told him
he must not do that, as they were members
of my family, and I did not wish them to be
made so public. He also urged me to give
him my picture, or at least allow him to take
my sketch, but I could not see that either.
Everybody has a great desire to obtain some
memento from my room, so thr.t whoever
comes in has to be closely watched for fear
they will steal something. I have a lock of
Mr. Lincoln's hair, which I have had neatly
framed; also a piece of linen with a portion
of his brain. The pillow and case upon which
he lay when he died, and nearly all his wear-
ing apparel, I intend to send to Robert Lin-
coln as soon as the funeral is over as I con-
sider him the most justly entitled to them.
The same mattress is on my bed, and the
same coverlid covers me nightly that covered him while
dying . . .
"Your affec. brother,
Sixteen years later the house was in possession of Louis
Schade, and the room in which Lincoln died became the
playroom for Mr. Schade's children. The memorial asso-
ciation of the District of Columbia leased the house and
it was opened as a museum on October 17, 1893. It is now
the property of the government and its restoration has
been directed so as to create the surroundings as they
appeared on the night of Lincoln's death.
DEATH OF LINCOLN
"O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done;
The ship has weathered every wrack, the prize we sought is won"
"B»th 0/ a Ration," fi, W. Griffith — Photographic History Service, Ho\l]/u:oo4
This Lithograph Was A Best-Seller
THIS CVRRIER & IVES lithograph, "The Deathbed of the Martyr President Abra-
ham Lipcoln," 1 * is owned by Mrs. George F. Holland, 1233 Old Orchard avenue. She
bought it from a Greenville antique dealer five years ago after finding it m a hayloft,
hidden behind a stack of pictures. Currier & Ives, working at a time when newspaper
photographers were unknown, turned out many lithographs on events of the day and
sold them for a dollar or two each. They are collectors'' items today.
\ _ . \ jvwC y^ : ^
> ^ y^ iv~y ^
Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor
Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana
FORT WAYNE, INDIANA
April 14, 1941
PHYSICIANS AT LINCOLN'S BEDSIDE
Seventy-six years ago today, on the fourteenth of
April, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated while
attending a theatrical performance at Ford's Theatre in
Washington. During the period between the time he was
shot and the hour when the autopsy was performed the
next morning, several physicians visited the bedside of
It seems appropriate on this anniversary day to compile
the names of such physicians as were known to be
present and to note such service as they were able to
render. It would not have been possible to present such
a complete list of physicians had not Dr. Milton H. Shutes,
author of Lincoln and the Doctors made some contribu-
tions in this field.
The Three Emergency Surgeons
There were three doctors at the theatre that evening
who immediately responded to the call for a doctor which
is said to have come from the Lincoln
box. These three men, Dr. Leale, Dr.
Taft, and Dr. King, will always be
closely associated with the story of Lin-
coln's last hours.
Certainly no young surgeon but a
short time out of medical college was
ever called upon for professional service
in a more dramatic situation than was
Dr. Charles A. Leale who was the first
to render medical assistance to the
stricken President. Dr. Leale was but
twenty-three years of age and was an
assistant surgeon of United States Vol-
unteers located at Army Square Hos-
Upon reaching the President's side
he immediately ordered that he be re-
moved from the chair and allowed to
recline on the floor. Upon finding the
wound, he removed a clot which had
formed which relieved intra-cranial
pressure. Dr. Leale then attempted to
stimulate respiration by certain pres-
sure on the throat to free the larnyx of
secretion. By pressure on the diaphragm
with the assistance of others, he stimulated the heart ac-
tion and an improvement in pulse and breathing followed.
Further stimulation was attempted by forcible in-and-
out breathing into the President's mouth which brought
about heart and lung action without further artificial
Dr. Leale then ordered that Lincoln be moved to the
nearest bed which proved to be just across the street
from the theatre. He supported the President's head
while the body was being carried. Later a probing of
the wound by Dr. Leale failed to discover the oullet.
The second surgeon to reach the box in which Lincoln
had been shot was Dr. Charles S. Taft, assistant surgeon,
United States Volunteers, who was stationed at the Sig-
nal Camp of Instruction at Georgetown. When the call
for medical assistance came, he leaped from the top of
the orchestra railing to the stage and was then lifted
up to the President's box.
Dr. Taft assisted Dr. Leale in attempting to stimulate
heart action, and he also helped to carry the body of Mr.
Lincoln across the street to the Petersen House.
A letter written to Mr. Oldroyd by Dr. Taft on March
1, 1900, states that Lincoln was laid diagonally across
the bed because it was too short for his long body. Taft
wrote, "I then administered a small glass of brandy and
he swallowed it without much difficulty. Twenty minutes
afterward I gave him another teaspoonful, but it was
Dr. Taft recalled that most of the night he was en-
gaged in supporting the President's head so "that the
wound should not press upon the pillow and the flow of
blood be obstructed." The last moments are described
by Dr. Taft in these words, "The heart did not cease
to beat until 22 minutes and 10 seconds after 7 o'clock.
My hand was upon the President's heart, and my eye on
the watch of the Surgeon-General who was standing by
The third physician to come immediately to the box
after the attack on Lincoln was Dr. Albert F. A. King.
He also assisted Dr. Leale in helping to stimulate Lin-
coln's heart action. When the body of the President was
moved across the street, Dr. King placed himself at the
stricken man's left shoulder and helped to prevent any
unnecessary movements of the head and shoulders. He
had also assisted Dr. Leale and Dr. Taft in divesting
Lincoln of his clothing and then covering his body with
Abbott, Dr. Ezra W.
Barnes, Dr. Joseph K.
Crane, Dr. Charles H.
Curtis, Dr. Edward
Ford, Dr. William Henry
Gatch, Dr. C. D.
Hall, Dr. Neal (J. C.)
King, Dr. Albert F. A.
Leale, Dr. Charles Augustus
Lieberman, Dr. Charles Henry
May, Dr. J. F.
Notson, Dr. W. M.
Stone, Dr. Robert King
Taft, Dr. Charles S.
Todd, Dr. Lyman Beecher
Woodward, Dr. Ashbel
The Three Official Physicians
Nearly half an hour elapsed after
the President had been placed on a bed
before the Lincoln family physician, Dr.
Stone, arrived. With him came Dr.
Barnes and shortly after followed Dr.
Just as soon as messengers could be
secured after the shooting of Mr. Lin-
coln, word was sent to the family phy-
sician, Dr. Robert King Stone. Although
of different political faith, he was a
great admirer of Mr. Lincoln and once
said to Carpenter, the artist, "It is the
province of a physician to probe deeply
the inner lives of men, and I affirm that
Mr. Lincoln is the purest hearted man
with whom I ever came in contact."
It is not known that Dr. Stone did
more that fatal night than suggest that
another teaspoonful of brandy might be
needed. His suggestion was followed
out but Mr. Lincoln was not able to
retain it. Stone was seated on the edge
of the bed when Lincoln passed away.
Apparently viewed from the military aspect of the
situation, Surgeon-General Joseph K. Barnes was the
ranking medical adviser present. At about 2 A. M. he
searched for the bullet but the ordinary silver probe was
too short. He then secured a longer probe and discovered
the bullet but did not try to remove it. Passing the
bullet he was confronted with broken segments of the
right orbital plate of the frontal bone, but no further
attempts were made to explore the injury.
The task seems to have fallen to Dr. Ezra W. Abbott
to keep the chart of the condition of the President dur-
ing the night. Thirty-three different times he made
notations. His first entry was made at 11:00 when he
noted that the pulse rate was 41. Other notations follow:
12:00, pulse 45, respiration 22; 1:00, pulse 86, respira-
tion 30; 4:15, pulse 60, respiration 25; 6:00, pulse failing,
respiration 28; 7:00, symptoms of immediate dissolution;
Dr. Abbott also noted that Mrs. Lincoln, who occupied
a room just across the hall, came to the bedside of the
President with Robert Lincoln at 1:45 and remained
until 2:10, returning again at 3:00.
Altogether there were at least sixteen physicians who
were at Lincoln's bedside at some time during the fateful
night, and their names are to be found alphabetically
arranged on this page.
PXRSOHS PRSSBHT AT D2ASR-BED 07 LINCOLN
The following persons were reported to have boon present at the
death-bed when -Abraham Lincoln patted away at 7:22 a.m., -April 15, 1865:
General Derail ton
At at. Secretary Field
At st. Secretary Otto
Governor Ggleeby (Illinois)
Private Secretary John Hay
Her. rhineat Gurley
Dr. Chart, et 5aft
Atst. General Haynie
New Light on Lincoln's Death
WHAT happened on the tragic
night of April 14, 1865, after
Booth shot Lincoln at Ford's The-
ater in Washington? Here is a
previously unpublished eyewitness
account of Lincoln's last hours, re-
cently discovered among some
family papers by Dr. Josephine
Hemenway Kenyon, of New York
City. It was in the form of a letter
by her great-uncle, George Fran-
cis, who happened to be living
across the street from the theater
at the time of the assassination.
"The President died in our
house," Mr. Francis wrote to a
niece, "and we witnessed that
heartbreaking scene. At the time
of the murder, we were about get-
ting into bed. I had changed my
clothes and shut off the gas, when
we heard such a terrible scream
that we ran to the front window to
see what it could mean. We saw a
great commotion in the theater —
some running in, others hurrying
out — and we could hear hundreds
of voices mingled in the greatest
"Presently we heard someone
say, 'The President is shot!' I
hurried on my clothes and ran out
across the street as they brought
him out of the theater. Poor man!
I could see, as the gaslight fell upon
his face, that it was deathly pale,
and that his eyes were closed. They
carried him out into the street
and into our house, and passed on
to the little room in the back of the
building, at the end of the hall.
"Mrs. Lincoln came in soon
after, accompanied by Major Rath-
bone and Miss Harris. She was
perfectly frantic. ' Where is my
husband? Where is my husband?'
she cried, wringing her hands in
the greatest anguish. As she ap-
proached his bedside, she bent over
him, kissing him again and again,
exclaiming, 'How can it be so? Do
speak to me! '
"Secretary Stanton, Secretary
Welles and all the members of the
Cabinet except Secretary Seward
came in and remained all night.
Our front parlor was given up to
Mrs. Lincoln and her friends. The
back parlor — our bedroom — was
occupied by Secretary Stanton.
Judge Cartter held an informal
court there, and it was full of people.
" Mrs. Lincoln went in to see her
husband occasionally. Robert Lin-
coln was with her. Rev. Dr. Gur-
ley was there, and made a prayer
by the bedside of the President,
and then in the parlor with Mrs.
Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln was insensi-
ble from the first, and there was no
hope from the moment he was shot.
As he lay on the bed, the only sign
of life he exhibited was his breath-
ing. About two o'clock he began to
breathe harder and with more and
more difficulty, until he died. A
Cabinet meeting was then held in
our back parlor, and, soon after,
most of the people left. About two
hours after he died, the President
was carried up to the President's
That was all, except that when
Mrs. Lincoln left, her bonnet could
not be found, and she had to bor-
row one from Mrs. Francis. This
mystery was subsequently ex-
plained by the niece who received
the above letter. She learned that
"some enterprising young men
who had rooms in the house" had
seen the bonnet lying on a bed,
"and reasoning among themselves
that Mrs. Lincoln would have no
further use for such a bonnet," had
taken it off and cut it up for souve-
— DOROTHY HEMENWAY VAN ARK.
>**P /%/ Z3--
THE DEATHBED SCENE.
Many Pictures Iliive Keen Mitde of It.
Here la mi Authentic One.
No census taker or student of figures
ami statistics has undertaken to sum up
the number of "deathbed scenes" of
Lincoln. For awhile just after the un-
happy event it seemed as if every artist
in the laud was seized with a desire to
make the picture, and they all tried
their hands. Some of these are very
amusing to a critical eye. There is one
in which nearly every prominent man of
that time is represented as being pres-
ent. Only the doctor 6eems interested
in the dying statesman. All the others
are looking at the camera, each with an
AUTHENTIC PICTURE OF LINCOLN'S DEATH.
expression as if the picture man had
said, "Now, gentlemen, look pleasant,
please," as he dropped the cap from the
This picture represents Mrs. Lincoln
kneeling at the bedside. She was not
present at the time of the death of her
husband. She -was with hiin a few min-
utes after lie was removed from the the-
ater, but owing to his conditiou and her
great grief, which she could not repress,
she was taken away and did not see him
again until after he was dead. The
deathbed scene as given in this article is
authentic. It is from a copy of the orig-
inal in the Oldroyd collection. Its cor-
rectness was made certain by statements
from Mr. Welles and others who were in
the room at the moment, and each in the
position and place as represented in the
cut. — Chicago Tribune.
THE TRAGIC COINCIDENCE OF LINCOLN'S President was carried into Peterson's boarding
ASSASSINATON — On the tragic night of April house at 516 Tenth street, diagonally across
M iogc l a i i i ■ i i j from the theatre. The dying Lincoln was carried
14, lbbb, when Abraham Lincoln was struck down . . -«X t i J tl .
. into a convenient room with a long bed. 1 liut
within the Ford Theatre, several coincidences bc< f on Wll ich Lincoln died the next morning had
took place whose striking import was unmistak- previously been occupied by John Wilkes Booth,
able. The strangest of thetn was that the dying y, the President's assassin.
Mill ' Bill II SlililillllllllllUIIIIIIIIKiU,
them was that the dying - the President s assassin. / I r ' )
» 'j^,igt ; J0)f^,«.j|.4 u ,,i*Bi«LJ£»,..i ../fgHptoji^M' nfrffl i M M I M iil H / •■ it j . i /
LINCOLN LORE tt / f% ~7
J~J~ '■#}. t w - **, #" p * f*f y^" ' * / '
From the Lincoln National Life Foundation
Denton Ceoghegan, from whom Thomas Lincoln had a contract for getting out lumber for a mill, listed for taxation
twenty slaves in 1816.
people of similar interest. This led to the formation of
the Kentucky State Pomological and Horticultural So-
ciety of which Haycraft was the Corresponding Secre-
tary. At their first convention the members met in
Elizabethtown on October 12 and 13, 1865. An 18 page
pamphlet of the transactions of this first session has
been preserved in the collection.
Haycraft is best remembered for his A History of
Elizabethtown, Kentucky And Its Surroundings, written
in 1869. He is also well known to Lincoln students as a
correspondent of Abraham Lincoln, having written to
the future President six different letters and receiving
in return five replies, all before Lincoln was inaugurated
President of the United States. (See Lincoln Lore 1530,
"Lincoln-Haycraft Correspondence" August 1965).
In the preparation of his history, Haycraft carried on
an extensive correspondence with those who might best
remember the early historical events of Elizabethtown
and Hardin County. A large file of such correspondence,
containing biographical sketches of prominent residents,
is today available for those students interested in this
particular field of Kentucky history. Haycraft also
corresponded with Richard H. Collins who wrote and
compiled Collins' History of Kentucky, which was pub-
lished in 1878. In a letter to Haycraft dated May 4,
1872, Collins commented on A History of Elizabethtown,
Kentucky as follows: "I have seldom read more interest-
ing and entertaining matter any where ... I will of
course, give you the credit for what I have condensed
from your work — not 100th part in quantity of yours,
but all that I can spare room for."
While Haycraft's history is considered a valuable
collateral work by most Lincoln collectors, his un-
published notes also reveal some interesting information
concerning the Fifteenth President James Buchanan. The
Helm-Haycraft collection contains quite a number of
pages and fragments of Haycraft's original hand-
written manuscript along with his rough notes relative
to Elizabethtown history. One such note follows: "Late
President Buchanan about the year 1813 or 1814 came
to Ky — coming down the Ohio in a flatboat with Major
James Crutcher and Thomas S. Crutcher with their
The Crutchers owned and operated a store in Eliza-
bethtown and made frequent trips to Pennsylvania to
purchase goods for this store. Young Buchanan came
to Kentucky as a lawyer to protect his father's
landed interests. Other statements by such historians
as Little and Collins corroborate Haycraft in regard to
Buchanan's residence in Elizabethtown. It is a most
interesting fact that in the year 1813 or 1814 the future
Fifteenth and Sixteenth Presidents of the United States
resided in Hardin County within fifteen or twenty miles
of each other.
Because of the many facets of the Helm-Haycraft
Collection a new catalogue is now in process. An effort
is being made to catalogue the collection in depth with
hundreds of guide cards to the many different types and
forms of information in the collection. Due to the large
number of papers which mention "Samuel Haycraft,"
considerable difficulty is sometimes encountered in de-
ciding whether the name refers to Sr. (1752-1823) or Jr.
(1795-1878). This is especially true of manuscripts
bearing no date. Little difficulty is encountered in de-
termining the signatures. In fact, quite a sizeable quan-
tity of manuscripts bearing no date are found in the
collection. These are to be catalogued alphabetically.
The collection is large in bulk, interesting in content
and awaiting students and historians who may some
day find it a veritable mine of information. Up to date
it has only been searched for Thomas Lincoln docu-
ments (references) and those of his contemporaries,
and the quest has been most rewarding.
Editor's Note: An additional cut pertaining to the Helm-Haycraft
Collection appears on page 4. — R.G.M.
"Captain Robert Lincoln has sent the carriage
for Mrs. Dixon." April 14, 1865
Editor's Note: The editor is grateful to Miss Judith A. Schiff. Chief
Reference Specialist, Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University
Library, for bringing Mrs. Dixon's original letter to his attention.
R. G. M.
Historians have had little to say about Mrs. James
Dixon who was present at Lincoln's deathbed at the
Petersen house following the President's assassination
at Ford's Theatre. She was the wife of Senator James
Dixon (1814-1873) of Connecticut. Her maiden name was
Elizabeth Lord Cogswell and her father was the Rev. Dr.
Jonathan Cogswell, a professor in the Connecticut The-
ological Institute. She married James Dixon in 1840.
The Republican senator and his wife were unusually
friendly to the Lincoln administration and even tsup-
ported the administration of Andrew Johnson to the
extent that he voted against the sufficiency of the arti-
cles of impeachment and from that date he participated
no longer in the councils of the Republican party. He
retired from public life in 1869.
However, the reason for Mrs. Dixon's presence at the
Petersen house on April 14th, 1865 can be attributed to
Robert T. Lincoln, who thoughout his mother's lifetime
was most solicitous for her welfare. Undoubtedly, Lin-
coln's eldest son believed Mrs. Dixon would be a comfort
to his mother during the tragic event. Whether or not
this was the case is unknown. However, every indica-
tion is that she was a most sympathetic friend.
Fortunately, a letter has come to light which provides
some details concerning Mrs. Dixon's visit to the Peter-
sen house. The letter written in Washington, D.C. on
April 14, 1866 is addressed to Othniel C. Marsh by
LINCOLN LORE jt- / 5^7
— Bff— « -**-^^*»^-— 1 ■ ■> -
II .b. <ll. urv «• - ilrrrrf M" rt>* Ihn ,11 M < In. oil < mirf, In tbr F.<|Hit> ra DM
of Kobrrt T. \anmrtrr, H Hindu < •«•, «iid <*).lr*« Ur<.,. ,,, Bsaln-i John (or
nnd oibfrx, prenonnrrJ il Juljlrrm, lM3f», I "lll.nnittr^
31st daj of December, 1859,
At it., lair rryldrnrr or John «'•<•, <(<r<-n«-j, komIk ibr •rcnMnri »f Robert
T. IxiDKlrr, nt the b>rk« »f iltlcr t rrck. la Hardin ItDnlj, I3 6r 18 mtlrtt
lr« m EIImWHimwii, tII, to thr fUchr*l bidder, at patti< nwikon,
« <m--l>i.ns of l-n o vattmblr
LUCY, AXN/AXD PETER,
tbr hiurr nndrr IO year* of age ,
TERMS OF SALE.
Tbr mi Jr will be on ■ rrrilli «f < luhl tnoniht, ifir parruiinf-r lo jhf bund
"»» lib upprcird arrarily, .0 bear talcrrmf from Ibr dnj oiwalr; to burr Ibr lorer
and • 111 11 '>( a ri-ulc* In bond ml mnuu-ilr, and la or uiadr parable. 10 Ibr tin*
siimii, llivimrr. Cam'r.
Orlobrr loih, 1%.1«.
Il.n. mi ilir omr iliif, n 11T) TalouMn 7oana llrffre num, un imsi- cralll
and ut Ibr «amr place. H. IS.
From the Lincoln National Life Foundation
Hardin County, Kentucky, Commissioner's Sale of Valu-
able Negroes dated December 31, 1859. This slave broad-
side (11%" x 15%") is of unusual significance because
it relates to slavery in the community where Lincoln was
born, fifty years earlier, and Samuel Haycraft, Jr. who
conducted the sale was a correspondent of Abraham
Lincoln, having written to the future president six differ-
ent letters and receiving in return five replies all before
Lincoln was inaugurated President of the United States.
(Lincoln Lore 1530, August, 1965 "Lincoln-Haycraft
Early Lincoln biographers have attempted to prove
that slavery was a negligible factor in the community
life of Hardin County when the Lincolns resided there.
Available records indicate otherwise. In 1811 the tax
list for Hardin County shows that there were then 1,007
slaves listed for taxation. This same year, the white
male population above sixteen years of age, was 1,627.
This would indicate an average of at least two slaves for
each family in the county. In 1813 one Hardin County
resident alone listed fifty-eight Negroes in his possession.
Elizabeth Dixon. The original letter is a part of the
Othniel Charles Marsh papers of the Manuscript and
Archives Department of the Yale University Library.
An excerpt from the letter, dated April 14, 1866 from
Washington, D.C., follows:
". . . We were with her (Mrs. Sigourney) during her last illness
and death. This day also recalls the murder of President Lincoln. I
had been to Church that day (Good Friday) & went to the Hos-
pital, remaining all day & until quite late, so that Bessie & Clemmie
were ready to return with me.
"We were all very tired & had retired at half past eight. I had
fallen asleep & was awoke by a carriage dashing up to the door. I
heard a man ask if Senator Dixon lived here & said he had a mes-
sage from Captain Robert Lincoln for Mrs. Dixon. I knew Capt.
Lincoln was in the army & immediately thought of Jamie & that
he probably had some bad news for me.
"I threw open the window & asked what the matter was. my heart
standing still. The gentleman had been sent for me & he replied :
'Captain Robert Lincoln has sent the carriage for Mrs. Dixon &
wants her to come to his mother as quickly as possible — the
President is dead.'
"I thought he had died at the White House suddenly & said :
'Certainly I will go, as soon as possible.' Mr. Dixon & Harry were
in Hartford, Jamie in the Army & we had only a young friend of
Jamie's staying here — to take care of us. Mr. Kinney fortunately
had recently returned that morning from Richmond, so I sent for
him & when I was ready I learned that the President had been
murdered at the Theatre & we were to go to the house opposite
where he had been taken.
"So we proceeded there & I remained with Mrs. Lincoln all night,
part of the time beside the murdered President & then we would
persuade her to go out for a few moments. I went home with her
to the White House. The next morning, a scene of desolation &
"I have forbidden artists from putting me into the picture repre-
senting the death of the President. I was so haunted by it & so
nervous, that I did not wish the association perpetuated & thought
it would be very unpleasant to see such a picture advertised or on
exhibition. The newspaper reporters have a way of putting every-
thing into the papers & I told one of them that I would pay him if
he ever saw our names goinfc into the paper, to keep them out."
Mrs. Dixon stated in her letter that she had forbidden
artists from putting her into pictures representing the
death of the President. That statement was undoubtedly
true in regard to published pictures in 1866, but she did
appear in John B. Bachelder's engraving, which was
begun in 1865, along with Mrs. Lincoln, Miss Harris,
Mrs. Kinney and her daughter. Mary Cogswell Kinney
was a sister of Mrs. Dixon, and her daughter Constance
was of course Mrs. Dixon's niece.
Bachelder made arrangements with Brady & Co.
photographers to make pictures of all those present at
the deathbed, shortly after the remains of the Presi-
dent left the city. Apparently, Mrs. Dixon cooperated
with the artist and posed in the position she occupied
by the deathbed.
Forty-seven people were depicted in the Bachelder
engraving. Fortunately, a key was published which
allows one to identify Mrs. Dixon with certainty. The
engraving was executed by B. H. Hall, Jr., the eminent
engraver upon steel.
Next, the design was placed in the hands of Alonzo
Chappel, an historical painter. His painting bears the
date of 1868. In the key published by Bachelder Mrs.
Dixon looks directly toward the dying President which
conceals many of the features of her face. However, in
the Chappel painting she looks in the direction of Robert
T. Lincoln which reveals the important features of her
A further indication of Mrs. Dixon's cooperation with
Bachelder and Chappel was her willingness to sign a
statement as follows: "We the undersigned visited the
late President Lincoln at his bedside during his last
hours. We have since sat for a likeness to be used ex-
pressly in the composition of the Historical Painting of
that event, designed by John B. Bachelder and painted
by Alonzo Chappel." Mrs. Dixon's signature is written
E. L. Dixon.
Why Mrs. Dixon changed her mind about forbidding
artists from putting her into a picture representing the
death of the President, we will likely never know.
From the Lincoln National Life Foundation
A section of the Chappel painting "The Last Hours of
Lincoln" depicting Mrs. Dixon seated at the left of the
kneeling Mrs. Lincoln.
Civil War T
Editorial Ollices Box 1831, Harrisburg, Pa. 17105
Phono (717) 234-5091
S CiaadtK H "nryva^ (tS^OC^Cj
May 19, 1977
Mr. Victor D. Spark
1000 Park Avenue
New,. York, N. Y. 100 2 8
Dear Mr. Spark:
A million thanks for the photographs you so kindly sent.
We were especially fascinated by the Burns painting of
Lincoln's last moments since we had never seen this before.
We were also intrigued by the painting mentioned in the
xerox letter you also enclosed, "Two Confederate Guerillas."
Would it be possible to obtain a print of this? It sounds
like it might make a good cover at some point.
We also appreciate your kind words; every day we are
reminded anew of the remarkable generosity and concern of
Charles F. Codhe'
VICTOR D. SPARK
1000 PARK. AVENUE
NEW YORK. N. Y. 10028
Area Code 212
AMERICAN AND CONTINENTAL
DRAWINGS AND WORKS OF ART
August 1, 1977
Dr. Mark E. Neely, Jr.
The Lincoln National Life Foundation
Lincoln Library and Museum
1301 South Harrison Street
Fort Wayne, Indiana 46802
Dear Dr. Neely,
I would like to bring to your attention a painting
of the Last Moments of Abraham Lincoln by J. Burns,
signed and dated 1866 at the lower right.
It is the only picture I have seen that shows Mrs.
Lincoln's head on the bed over her dying husband.
IN all the literature I have read she actually threw
herself over her husband.
The old nameplate that came with the picture bore
The price is $12,000.
If the picture is of interest we would be glad to
ship it to you on approval.
Appreciating your kind advice, I remain
INDLY ADDRESS ALL EXPRESS SHIPMENTS TO: V. SPARK, c o CIRKER'S HAYES STORAGE -305 EAST 61st STREET, NEW YORK CITY
THE LOUIS A. WARREN
LINCOLN LIBRARY AND MUSEUM
1300 SOUTH CLINTON STREET/ TORT WAYNE. INDIANA 46801
MADK E. NEELY, JR.
August 26, 1977
Director Telephone (219) 424-5421
Mr. Victor Spark
1000 Park Avenue
New York, N. Y. 10028
Dear Mr. Spark:
I am afraid that $12,000 is out of our price range at the
moment, though I certainly think that your painting vould be
a desirable addition to our collections. I am enclosing a copy
of one of our monthly bulletins which dealt with Lincoln deathbed
scenes. The Altschvager print on page U also shows the widow in
a similar position.
I appreciate your offering us this painting, and I regret
that we must turn it down. From time to time we do purchase such
things, and we would appreciate being considered when other similar
items come along. I am returning your photograph herewith.
iit . Mark E. Neely, Jr.
February 8, 1985
£.i: ?%■ PZze^t-
r f&3 f
»!>< l T
Photo shows Lincoln's death bed
By DELL FORD
mcn^aiis have been
^ uncus about Abraham Lincoln's
death since me day he died, Mark
F. Neel) Jr said, glancing at the
nijiicd photograph on his desk.
\nd," he added, "they still are."
Neely, director of the Louis A.
Warren Lincoln Library and
Museum, 1 300 S. Clinton St., said he
gets as manv questions about
Lincoln's death as about his life.
For mat reason, the photograph
on his desk should be of more than
^asaal interest to museum visitors.
\c M aired trom a private collector
in December, the photo is of the
room u here Lincoln died. It has
WHERE: Lincoln Library and
\lu-i-um, Lincoln National
I .:l Insurance t c>.. 1300 S.
( !::;:o.n S;
HOURS: 5 5 u : ::, to 4 30 p.m.
M : c.l ; ■ ji, l hijrsday
.-.'*. ? 3U u :r. :., 12 30 p.m.
i V.C: .
become a part of one of the
museum's collection of
memorabilia, sure to be of interest
to those who wish to take note of
Lincoln's Feb. 12 birthday.
The sepia-toned, 8-by-6 3 /4 inch
photo is captioned: "View of the
room in which President Lincoln
died Saturday morning April 15,
1865. at the residence of William
Petersen. No. 453 10th Street,
Washington D. C , opposite Ford's
Theaii e. The room was occupied
bv W illiam T. Clark of
The sole existing print (as far
as Neely knows), the photograph
was recorded by Julius Like, a
boarder at the Petersen House
across the street from Ford's
Theatre where Lincoln was shot by
John Wilkes Booth.
"He had the presence of mind,"
See LINCOLN, Page 9D
Popular prints gave Lincoln's last moments a larger locale
February 8, 1985
From Pag* 10.
Neely said, "to go into the room
after Lincoln's body was removed
and set up his apparatus. Lincoln
died at 7:22 a.m. You can see the
morning light coming through the
open door (of the room), so the
photograph probably was taken
about 9 or 9:30."
Ulke, Neely said, took at least
two photographs. "We know of
two. He no doubt was going to try
and sell them. That's what he had
in mind, I'm sure. But he never did
Offering one possible explanation
for Ulke's failure to sell the photo-
graphs, Neely said photos were
taken of Lincoln lying in state in
New York City.
"But the War Department
ordered those photos be destroyed
because Mrs. Lincoln didn't want
any photographs. It's sheer specula-
tion, but Ulke probably figured
from this he couldn't sell his
What adds interest to Ulke's
death room scene is it's stark con-
trast to the lithographs which were
artists' imaginative renderings of
the deathbed scene.
One such rendering, Neely said,
shows about a dozen people gath-
ered about the bed where Lincoln
had been placed. Another depicts 46
"The room was very small,"
Neely said, pointing to the Ulke
photo. "It couldn't have accommo-
dated that many people. But at the
time, this was the way a great man
was supposed to die. Like a medie-
val knight, with his family, ser-
vants, retainers. In Lincoln's case,
prominent politicians, cabinet
members, members of his family."
While it may seem "really grim
to us today — not very appetizing
and generally distasteful, mourning
practices were different then. It
was common practice, for instance,
to wear a locket with a lock of hair
of a deceased loved one.
"In the 19th century," Neely said.
"death was great and sex was bad.
In the 20th century, sex is great and
we don't talk about death. Today,
people die in hospitals behind a
screen with no one present except
perhaps a nurse and one or two
family members. Death is a private,
forbidden subject — taboo. No one
wants to talk about it."
The Ulke photograph, the direc-
tor said, will be placed in the Lin-
coln's death exhibit which includes
a reward poster for the assassins
and two popular prints of Lincoln's
Calling the Ulke photo a good
acquisition, Neely said, "Any time
you get a unique item in the Lincoln
field, it's a good acquisition. Any
time you can buy something that's
the first, the last, the best or the
only, it's a good acquisition."